Department of Epidemiology

MPH


December 26, 2023

Long-term risk of recurrence of pre-cancerous cervical lesions among women living with HIV in Kenya

Women living with HIV (WLHIV) have a six-fold increased risk of developing cervical cancer compared to HIV-uninfected women. Despite this, limited data exists on the recurrence of precancerous cervical lesions among WLHIV following treatment with loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP) or cryotherapy. We sought to determine the long-term risk of recurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia…


Gender minority stress and depressive symptoms among transfeminine and gender non-conforming individuals in China: mediating and moderating roles of coping

Transgender and gender non-conforming populations in China experience disproportionately higher burdens of mental health issues such as depression compared to their cisgender counterparts. The gender minority stress and resilience model further elaborates on the original minority stress theory in an effort to understand how various experiences such as gender-based violence, discrimination and rejection impact the…


Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms Among Children Exposed to Parental Incarceration in the 2019 and 2021 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder among 2.7 million (4.4%) children aged 3-17 in the United States (US), with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) being a contributing factor. Parental incarceration is an ACE associated with various negative social and health outcomes for this demographic. Such outcomes include inequitable healthcare access, increased risk of housing instability,…


PrEP Persistence Among Key Populations in Ukraine: Analysis of Scaled PrEP Program Data from October 2020 through February 2022

While global HIV incidence has rapidly decreased during the last decade, Central and Eastern Europe have experienced a significant rise in new cases annually. Ukraine, located in Eastern Europe, has been one of the most ambitious in the region in implementing programs to combat HIV since 2017, including expanding access to PrEP among key populations…


December 22, 2023

Associations of Prescription Opioid Use during Pregnancy with Low Birth Weight and Length of Hospital Stay: Analysis of PRAMS Data

Prescription opioid use among US pregnant women, primarily used for its analgesic properties, has increased substantially over the last decades. Findings from several studies investigating associations of prescription opioid use with adverse neonatal outcomes (including preterm birth, poor fetal growth, longer hospital stays, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and birth defects) were not consistent. We examined overall…


Impact of the American Heart Association’s Life’s Essential 8 goals on incident cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Strong Heart Family Study

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among American Indians. In 2022, the American Heart Association (AHA) developed the Life’s Essential 8 goals to promote optimal cardiovascular health (CVH) for Americans. The goals comprise 4 health behaviors (i.e., diet, physical activity, nicotine exposure, and sleep) and 4 health factors (i.e., body…


Factors associated with guideline-concordant biomarker testing in patients with stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer

Even with recent advances in identifying oncogenic genomic alterations and developing targeted therapies for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the uptake of molecular testing remains suboptimal among patients with advanced NSCLC, and comparable estimates for molecular testing in earlier stage NSCLC have not previously been published. This study describes and identifies factors associated with the…


Elevated body mass index, dementia risk, and post-mortem neuropathology

Over two-thirds of Americans aged 20 and over are considered overweight or obese. Compared to those who are within the healthy weight range as determined by body mass index (BMI), overweight and obese individuals are higher risk for poorer cognitive performance and structural brain pathology on neuroimaging studies. In addition, previous studies have shown a…


Associations of Mental Health Disorders, and Social Support with Retention in HIV Care Following Routine HIV Testing in a Refugee Settlement in Uganda

Uganda hosts a large refugee population, including individuals from neighboring countries with high HIV prevalence. Retention in HIV care for this population is crucial to improve health outcomes and reduce HIV transmission rates. Retention is essential to decreasing viral load and adverse health outcomes, all of which are difficult to manage with the complexities of…


Associations of Magnesium Intake with Acyclic Pelvic Pain and Dysmenorrhea

Pelvic pain (with or without endometriosis) is responsible for the deterioration of quality of life, chronic absenteeism and truancy, and loss of intimate relationships. Magnesium is a mineral that aids in muscular relaxation and can relieve cramps in a variety of muscles, including those in the pelvic floor. Little is known about the role of…



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