Challenges in assessing combined interventions to promote linear growth
Despite the recognition of stunting as a public health priority, nutritional and nonnutritional interventions to reduce or prevent linear growth failure have demonstrated minimal impact. Investigators and policymakers face several challenges that limit their ability to assess the potential benefits of combining available interventions into a linear growth promotion package.
Metabolic clusters and outcomes in older adults: The cardiovascular health study
Few studies have the requisite phenotypic information to define metabolic patterns that may inform our understanding of the pathophysiology and consequences of diabetes in older adults. The researchers sought to characterize clusters of older adults on the basis of shared metabolic features.
Association of gut microbial communities with plasma lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) in premenopausal women
The mechanisms by which obesity increases cancer risk are unclear, but some lines of evidence suggest that gut microbial communities (GMC) may contribute to chronic inflammation in obese individuals through raised systemic levels of lipopolysaccharides (LPS).
Healthy and sustainable diets for future generations
Global food systems will face unprecedented challenges in the coming years. Collaborative efforts by a variety of stakeholders are needed to ensure that future generations have access to healthy and sustainable diets. Food will play an increasingly important role in the global discourse on health.
Dietary intake and urinary metals among pregnant women in the Pacific Northwest
Pregnancy is a period when the mother and her offspring are susceptible to the toxic effects of metals. The researchers investigated associations of intake of frequently consumed foods with urinary metals concentrations among pregnant women in the Pacific Northwest.
Importance of the lipid-related pathways in the association between statins, mortality, and cardiovascular disease risk: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.
Estimating how much of the impact of statins on coronary heart diseases, cardiovascular disease, and mortality risk is attributable to their effect on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides.
Emergence of Depressive Symptoms from Kindergarten to Sixth Grade
This study documents the emergence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in a community sample of school-age children and describes the temporal progression of symptoms leading to depressive episodes
Seattle’s minimum wage ordinance did not affect supermarket food prices by food processing category
Supermarket food prices do not appear to be differentially impacted by Seattle’s minimum wage ordinance by level of the food’s processing. These results suggest that the early implementation of a city-level minimum wage policy does not alter supermarket food prices by level of food processing.
Ambient Air Pollution and Chronic Bronchitis in a Cohort of U.S. Women.
Limited evidence links air pollution exposure to chronic cough and sputum production. Few reports have investigated the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and classically defined chronic bronchitis. The researachers' objective was to estimate the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and both incident and prevalent chronic bronchitis.
HIV assisted partner services among those with and without a history of intimate partner violence in Kenya
HIV Assisted Partner Services (APS) are a notification and testing strategy for sex partners of HIV-infected index patients. This cluster-randomized controlled trial secondary data analysis investigated whether history of intimate partner violence (IPV) modified APS effectiveness and risk of relationship dissolution.