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The Vaginal Microbiome and its Potential to Impact Efficacy of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis for Women

Current HIV/AIDS Report, Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Vaginal dysbiosis may undermine the efficacy of 1% TFV gel to protect women from HIV but not the efficacy of oral PrEP.

Association between Snoring and High-Risk Carotid Plaque Features

Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Friday, August 11, 2017

Previous studies have demonstrated an association between snoring and carotid disease independent of sleep apnea.

Use of antihypertensive medications and risk of adverse breast cancer outcomes in a SEER-Medicare population

Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, Wednesday, August 9, 2017

This study examines whether the use of common antihypertensive medications influences the risk of adverse breast cancer outcomes.

Investigating the genetic relationship between Alzheimer’s disease and cancer using GWAS summary statistics

Human Genetics, Saturday, August 5, 2017

Growing evidence from both epidemiology and basic science suggest an inverse association between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cancer.

Racial disparities in the utilization of preventive health services among older women with early-stage endometrial cancer enrolled in Medicare

Cancer Medicine, Friday, August 4, 2017

To assess differences in the receipt of preventive health services by race/ethnicity among older women with endometrial cancer enrolled in Medicare, the researchers conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study of w

Malnutrition-related early childhood exposures and enamel defects in the permanent dentition: A longitudinal study from the Bolivian Amazon

American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Friday, July 28, 2017

This study investigated the relationship between early childhood malnutrition-related measures and subsequent enamel defects in the permanent dentition.

Ambient Coarse Particulate Matter and the Right Ventricle: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Environmental Health Perspectives, Thursday, July 27, 2017

To expand the literature on the health implications of PM10–2.5 and to better understand environmental risk factors of RV dysfunction, the researchers aimed to quantify cross-sectional associations between PM1

Estimating population effects of vaccination using large, routinely collected data

Statistics in Medicine, Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Vaccination in populations can have several kinds of effects.

Efficacy of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV among women with abnormal vaginal microbiota: a post-hoc analysis of the randomised, placebo-controlled Partners PrEP Study

The Lancet, Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Daily oral tenofovir-based pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is high efficacious for HIV prevention among women with high adherence. However, the effect of abnormal vaginal microbiota on PrEP efficacy is of concern.

Formal firearm training among adults in the USA: results of a national survey

Injury Prevention, Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Despite broad support for policies requiring that prospective firearm owners receive training before acquiring a firearm, little is known about the scope and content of firearm training in the USA.