Pregnant moms who breathe dirty air have children with lower IQs, study finds
Researchers at the University of Washington have found that pregnant women who are exposed to fine particles of air pollution have children with lower IQs compared to women with less daily exposure. Dr. Catherine Karr, adjunct professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, is an author of this study.
Increasing air pollution causes lung disease equivalent to smoking pack of cigarettes a day for 29 years
Researchers from the University of Washington have concluded that air pollution, and especially pollution from ozone, accelerates the incidence of emphysema, a condition that can prevent an adequate amount of oxygen from entering the bloodstream. Dr. Joel Kaufman, professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, was senior co-author of this study.
HOPE trial: Dapivirine vaginal ring reduces HIV risk by estimated 39%
An open-label study of women in southern and eastern Africa suggests that the dapivirine vaginal ring can be used well with good adherence by women at risk for HIV, which can reduce the risk of HIV infection. Dr. Jared Baeten, professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, was lead investigator of this study.
How The U.S. compares with other countries in deaths from gun violence
The United States has the 28th-highest rate of deaths from gun violence in the world, while such instances in other countries are minimal to extremely rare. This brings into question why a country such as the United States experiences this level of gun violence. Dr. Ali Mokdad, adjunct professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, is quoted.
APRU Multi-Hazards Summer School 2019
This annual event that takes place at Tohoku University draws lessons from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, and provides a platform for participants to discuss various disaster risk reduction (DRR) ideas and projects that have since been implemented. Haylea Hannah, doctoral student with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, was a participant of this event.
New test from San Diego’s Hologic is first in U.S. to help detect new STD threat
San Diego’s Hologic company is the first in the nation to get a Mycoplasma genitalium test approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This effort will help researchers get closer to understanding the infectious organism. Dr. Lisa Manhart, Professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, is quoted.
TARGET: Urine can be used to measure recent PrEP, ART adherence
Measuring the concentration of tenofovir in a patient’s urine can determine their recent adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, for HIV prevention. Dr. Paul Drain, adjunct assistant professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, was an author of this study.
Moving home during early pregnancy could raise risk of premature birth, low birth rate
Research from the University of Washington shows that moving to a new home during the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of preterm birth by upwards of 42%. Julia Bond, alumnae from UW’s Department of Epidemiology, was co-author of this study.
Medicaid expansion may prevent child neglect, UW study shows
Research from the University of Washington has shown that Medicaid expansion has been associated with reduced child maltreatment, and child neglect rates. Dr. Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, associate professor with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, is senior author of this study.
$1M in state money to fund Harborview gun-violence research
Scientists at the Harborview Injury and Prevention Research Center (HIPRC) have been awarded with an additional $1 million dollars in state funding to further study risk factors for gun-related injuries and deaths, and the effectiveness of firearm laws and policies. Dr. Fred Rivara and Dr. Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, faculty with UW’s Department of Epidemiology, both conduct research relevant to gun-related violence at UW HIPRC.