What is Syphilis, and why are rates rising?
With the incidence of Syphilis rising almost every year since 2000, it is important that populations refresh themselves regarding the nature of this once eliminated bacterial infection. Dr. Julie Dombrowski, an associate professor at the University of Washington and deputy director of Public Health Seattle & King County HIV/STD Program, warns that pharmaceutical advances in HIV treatment have led individuals to be more lax in preventing the transmission of other STIs.
What we know about school mass shootings since Columbine and how to prevent them
School shootings are a public health problem because they affect the health and well-being of communities and individuals. So why don't we know the exact tally of how many school shootings there have been in the past 20 years? Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, PhD and Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology, along with Caitlin Moe, an Epidemiology PhD student, outline the barriers associated with understanding school shootings from a public health standpoint.
Many older U.S. gun owners don't store firearms safely
Roughly one-third of older people in the U.S. may live in households with guns and a new study suggests that many of those firearms are not stored in the safest way: locked and unloaded. “There is some evidence that safe storage of firearms can mitigate the risk of suicide in homes of older adults with dementia or depressive symptoms,” said lead study author Erin Morgan of the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and PhD student at the University of Washington in Seattle.
Global study ranks nations on diet-related deaths
The results of a global study evaluating the health effects of dietary risks concluded that one-fifth of deaths around the world are associated with poor diets. Adding healthier foods and cutting unhealthy ones can reduce mortality rates. The study’s lead author, Dr. Ashkan Afshin, an epidemiologist at the University of Washington, also noted the importance of national policies to boost the availability of fruits and vegetables, especially in low-income countries where fresh produce can be costlier than processed food.
When older Americans with depression and dementia have access to firearms
When it comes to gun violence in America, one solution politicians and citizens often talk about is better mental-health screenings. But a new study suggests there's little being done to mitigate the risks of gun ownership and unsafe gun storage among older Americans who have guns at home and might be especially prone to hurting themselves or others. Lead author Erin Morgan, an Epidemiology PhD student, and others found that more than one in five seniors living with depression in a gun-owning household stored all of their firearms unlocked and loaded.
Air pollution linked to psychotic experiences among teenagers
A first-of-its-kind study published in JAMA Psychiatry has now found a link between air pollution and psychotic experiences in teens. People living in cities are twice as likely to have psychotic experiences, the researchers said in the study, but there are a lot of factors in cities that could cause these experiences. Although this is the first study to connect air pollution to psychosis, it’s not the first to connect air pollution to mental health. University of Washington researchers, including the Department of Epidemiology's Dr.
Lack of diversity in genetic research could be detrimental to our health
Despite people of European descent making up only 16% of the global population, up to 78% of data used in the study of human genetics comes from European descendants. This lack of global, generalized data creates an issue that could result in worsened global health. Dr. Malia Fullerton, a bioethicist and adjunct associate professor at the University of Washington Department of Epidemiology, is referenced in this article.
Study finds inequity in access to healthy foods among marginalized communities in Seattle area
Seattle neighborhoods that are lower income or that have more Black or Hispanic residents have fewer options for healthy foods, more fast food restaurants and longer travel times to stores that sell produce, according to a new study by the University of Washington School of Public Health. “Lower-income neighborhoods tend to have small stores and convenience stores, which on average offered fewer of the 21 healthy food items we looked for than say, a supermarket,” remarked lead author Dr. Jessica Jones-Smith, an Associate Professor of Epidemiology.
Philadelphia soda tax study corroborates aspects of findings from Seattle's
Philadelphia’s soda tax has not cut down on the average consumption of sweetened beverages among adults or children overall, according to a study of the levy. Furthermore, the researchers noted that retailers in the city are passing the full cost of the tax onto consumers. This particular finding mirrors the results of a study released on Seattle’s sugary drink tax. “Although we weren’t surprised, it wasn’t guaranteed the tax would be passed on,” Jessica Jones-Smith, Associate Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Washington, noted at the time the study was released.
U.S. & Japanese militias convene in Tokyo for 65th Tri-Service Dental Symposium
Dental and orthodontic specialists from the U.S. Army and the Japan Self-Defense Forces recently met for a discussion on current pressing topics in their field and shared best practices during the 65th Tri-Service Dental Symposium. The opening keynote speaker was Dr. Philippe Hujoel, an epidemiologist and professor at UW. "If a patient is suffering from dental cavities a lot, it is key, from an evidence-based perspective, to first and foremost focus on sugar, because that's the prime reason that people get dental cavities," said Dr. Hujoel.