Sexual behavior patterns and condom use in newly sexually active female university students
The researchers' objective was to describe sexual behavior patterns and condom use in newly sexually active female university students.
Use of multiple failure models in injury epidemiology: a case study of arrest and intimate partner violence recidivism in Seattle, WA
Single-failure survival models are commonly used in injury research. The researchers aimed to demonstrate the application of multiple failure survival models in injury research by measuring the association between arrest and IPV recidivism.
Social harms in female-initiated HIV prevention method research: state of the evidence
Further research on social harms within HIV prevention research is needed to understand the potential safety risks for women and advance the implementation of prevention methods in real-world contexts. To this avail, the researchers conducted a secondary analysis of quantitative data from three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of microbicide candidates in sub-Saharan Africa.
Relationship between diabetes and diabetes medications and risk of different molecular subtypes of breast cancer
Type II diabetes and certain diabetes treatments have been observed to impact breast cancer risk. However, their associations with different breast cancer molecular subtypes defined by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and/or human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status is unclear.
Male partner antenatal clinic attendance is associated with increased uptake of maternal health services and infant BCG immunization: a national survey in Kenya
Male partner antenatal clinic attendance may improve maternal uptake of maternal child health (MCH) services. The researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey of mother-infant pairs attending week-6 or month-9 infant immunizations at 120 high-volume MCH clinics throughout Kenya
Consumption patterns of milk and 100% juice in relation to diet quality and body weight among United States children: analyses of NHANES 2011-16 data
The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended placing limits on the consumption of milk and 100% juice by children.
Perspectives from early career investigators who are "staying in the game" of precision public health research
Recent high-profile conversations have situated precision medicine and population health in opposition. Although the dialogue about these two fields is varied, the polarizing features of debate suggest that the central question is whether precision approaches should have a place in advancing population health efforts.
Replacing dairy fat with polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids: a food-level modeling study of dietary nutrient density and diet quality using the 2013-16 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Recent dietary guidelines have become more food-based, as opposed to purely nutrient-based. By contrast, assessing the impact of dietary changes on chronic disease risk continues to rely on single-nutrient substitutions. To assess the real-world implications of a nutrient-for-nutrient swap, the researchers examined dietary nutrient density and healthy diet scores following removal of food sources of dairy fat
Networks of face-to-face social contacts in Niakhar, Senegal
The researchers present the first analysis of face-to-face contact network data from Niakhar, Senegal. Participants in a cluster-randomized influenza vaccine trial were interviewed about their contact patterns when they reported sympotoms during their weekly household surveillance visit. They employ a negative bionomial model to estimate effects of covariates on contact degree.
Senescence-associated tissue microenvironment promotes colon cancer formation through the secretory factor GDF15
The risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) caries between people, and the cellular mechanisms mediating the differences in risk are largely unknown. In this study, the researchers assessed the role of senescence and the SASP in CRC formation.