Brief report: high programmatic isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) use in pregnancy among HIV-infected women
The World Health Organization recommends isoniazid preventive therapy for people living with HIV to prevent tuberculosis, including pregnant women. Recent trial results suggest increased adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with IPT during pregnancy. Data are limited regarding programmatic IPT use in pregnant women living with HIV.
Genome-wide meta-analysis of SNP and antihypertensive medication interactions on left ventricular traits in African Americans
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy affects up to 43% of African Americans. Antihypertensive treatment reduces LV mass. However, interindividual variation in LV traits in response to antihypertensive treatments exists. The researchers hypothesized that genetic variants may modify the association of antihypertensive treatment class with LV traits measured by echocardiography.
Assocation between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and change in quantitatively assessed emphysema and lung function
While air pollutants at historical levels have been associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, it in not known whether exposure to contemporary air pollutant concentrations is associated with progression of emphysema.
Use of multiple failure models in injury epidemiology: a case study of arrest and intimate partner violence recidivism in Seattle, WA
Single-failure survival models are commonly used in injury research. The researchers aimed to demonstrate the application of multiple failure survival models in injury research by measuring the association between arrest and IPV recidivism.
Social harms in female-initiated HIV prevention method research: state of the evidence
Further research on social harms within HIV prevention research is needed to understand the potential safety risks for women and advance the implementation of prevention methods in real-world contexts. To this avail, the researchers conducted a secondary analysis of quantitative data from three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of microbicide candidates in sub-Saharan Africa.
Sexual behavior patterns and condom use in newly sexually active female university students
The researchers' objective was to describe sexual behavior patterns and condom use in newly sexually active female university students.
Relationship between diabetes and diabetes medications and risk of different molecular subtypes of breast cancer
Type II diabetes and certain diabetes treatments have been observed to impact breast cancer risk. However, their associations with different breast cancer molecular subtypes defined by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and/or human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 status is unclear.
Male partner antenatal clinic attendance is associated with increased uptake of maternal health services and infant BCG immunization: a national survey in Kenya
Male partner antenatal clinic attendance may improve maternal uptake of maternal child health (MCH) services. The researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey of mother-infant pairs attending week-6 or month-9 infant immunizations at 120 high-volume MCH clinics throughout Kenya
Consumption patterns of milk and 100% juice in relation to diet quality and body weight among United States children: analyses of NHANES 2011-16 data
The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended placing limits on the consumption of milk and 100% juice by children.
Perspectives from early career investigators who are "staying in the game" of precision public health research
Recent high-profile conversations have situated precision medicine and population health in opposition. Although the dialogue about these two fields is varied, the polarizing features of debate suggest that the central question is whether precision approaches should have a place in advancing population health efforts.