Strengthening paper health register systems: strategies from case studies in Ethiopia, Ghana, South Africa and Uganda
Despite the global shift toward digital data collection, there remain low–resource settings that are unable to support the infrastructure required for electronic register systems. For these settings, strengthening paper health register systems can bolster evidence–based decision–making in patient encounters, program planning and policy, and serve as a first step toward improving quality data in HIS as they shift toward electronic systems.
Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Intervention and Health-Related Quality of Life: The Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial
Changing to a diet low in fat was linked to small but significant improvements in older women’s general health, vitality, and physical ability to perform everyday activities.
Availability of Outpatient Rehabilitation Services for Children After Traumatic Brain Injury: Differences by Language and Insurance Status
Children who suffer traumatic brain injuries can face a difficult road to recovery, requiring services such as physical therapy and mental health treatment. When those children come from low-income households with limited English proficiency, there can be significant barriers in getting them the care they need.
Use of a Vaginal Ring Containing Dapivirine for HIV-1 Prevention in Women
A monthly vaginal ring containing dapivirine reduced the risk of HIV-1 infection among African women.
Geographic disparities in Healthy Eating Index scores (HEI-2005 and 2010) by residential property values: Findings from Seattle Obesity Study (SOS).
The use of residential property values, an objective measure of socioeconomic status, allowed for the first visual exploration of diet quality across Seattle-King County down to the census-block level.
Washington Study Finds Trauma Centers Improve Outcomes for Injured Pregnant Women
Pregnant women suffering traumatic injuries experience better maternal and neonatal outcomes if they are treated at a designated trauma center, according to new research from the University of Washington School of Public Health.
Washington Reviews Safe Gun Storage Interventions
Researchers analyzed studies of household firearm safety interventions that educated or counseled gun owners on safe firearm storage.
Effectiveness of Interventions to Promote Safe Firearm Storage
Evidence from this study suggests that safe firearm storage interventions can effectively encourage individuals to store their firearms safely.
Association between Hospital Trauma Designation and Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes after Injury among Pregnant Women in Washington State
This study examines the association of treatment of injured pregnant women in a designated trauma hospital versus a non-trauma hospital on birth outcomes in Washington State. Treatment of injured pregnant women at designated trauma hospitals was associated with several improved birth outcomes. The study findings have implications on care pathways for injured pregnant patients.
Socioeconomic Disparities and Air Pollution Exposure: a Global Review
This review updates and contributes to the environmental inequality literature by focusing on ambient criteria air pollutants (including NOx), by evaluating studies related to inequality by socioeconomic status (as opposed to race/ethnicity) and by providing a more global perspective.