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An Assessment of Household and Individual-Level Mosquito Prevention Methods during the Chikungunya Virus Outbreak in the United States Virgin Islands, 2014-2015

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Monday, February 5, 2018

Recent large-scale chikungunya virus and Zika virus epidemics in the Americas pose a growing public health threat. Given that mosquito bite prevention and vector control are the main prevention methods available to reduce transmission of these viruses, the researchers assessed adherence to these methods in the United States Virgin Islands.

Dental enamel defects predict adolescent health indicators: A cohort study among the Tsimane’ of Bolivia

American Journal of Human Biology, Monday, February 5, 2018

Bioarchaeological findings have linked defective enamel formation in preadulthood with adult mortality. In this study, researchers investigated how defective enamel formation in infancy and childhood is associated with risk factors for adult morbidity and mortality in adolescents.

Concordance of self-reported hormonal contraceptive use and presence of exogenous hormones in serum among African women

Contraception, Friday, February 2, 2018

Studies that rely on self-report to investigate the relationship between hormonal contraceptive use and HIV acquisition and transmission, as well as other health outcomes, could have compromised results due to misreporting. In this study, the researchersdetermined the frequency of misreported hormonal contraceptive use among African women with and at risk for HIV.

The role of physical activity in breast and gynecologic cancer survivorship

Gynecologic Oncology, Thursday, February 1, 2018

This article reviews the benefits of physical activity in breast and gynecological (predominantly ovarian and endometrial) cancer survivors, and discusses exercise recommendations based on the available evidence. 

Left ventricular hypertrophy and remodeling and risk of cognitive impairment and dementia

Hypertension, Monday, January 29, 2018

The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between cardiac structure and function and risk of dementia and cognitive impairment in the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) cohort.

Mycoplasma genitalium infection in Kenyan and US women.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Friday, January 26, 2018

Little is known about the natural history of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection in women. We retrospectively tested archived vaginal fluid samples to assess MG prevalence, incidence, persistence, recurrence and antimicrobial resistance markers among women participating in the Preventing Vaginal Infections trial, a randomized trial of monthly presumptive treatment to reduce vaginal infections.

Evaluation of the association between the concentrations of key vaginal bacteria and the increased risk of HIV acquisition in African women from five cohorts: a nested case-control study

The Lancet Infectious Disease, Friday, January 26, 2018

Disruptions of vaginal microbiota might increase women's susceptibility to HIV infection. Advances in molecular microbiology have enabled detailed examination of associations between vaginal bacteria and HIV acquisition. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the association between the concentrations of specific vaginal bacteria and increased risk of HIV acquisition in African women.

Epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance characteristics of the sequence type 131-H30 subclone among extraintestinal Escherichia coli collected from US children

Clinical Infectious Diseases, Thursday, January 18, 2018

Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 131-H30 is a globally important pathogen implicated in rising rates of multidrug resistance among E. coli causing extraintestinal infections.

Comparing mental health of US children of immigrants and non-immigrants in four racial/ethnic groups

Journal of School Health, Sunday, January 14, 2018

This study compared the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents. It also looked to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across four racial/ethnic groups.

Reproductive history, breast-feeding and risk of triple negative breast cancer: The Breast Cancer Etiology in Minorities (BEM) Study

International Journal of Cancer, Saturday, January 13, 2018

Few risk factors have been identified for triple negative breast cancer, yet this more aggressive subtype disproportionately affects some racial/ethnic minorities and is associated with lower survival.