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Dapivirine vaginal ring use does not diminish the effectiveness of hormonal contraception

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Tuesday, May 23, 2017

This study evaluated the potential for a clinically relevant drug-drug interaction with concomitant use of a dapivirine vaginal ring, a novel antiretroviral-based HIV-1 prevention strategy, and hormonal contraception by exami

Assessing the causal relationship between obesity and venous thromboembolism through a Mendelian Randomization study

Human Genetics, Saturday, May 20, 2017

Observational studies have shown an association between obesity and venous thromboembolism (VTE) but it is not known if observed associations are causal, due to reverse causation or confounding bias.

Prediagnostic alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer survival: The Colon Cancer Family Registry

Cancer, Monday, May 15, 2017

Although previous studies have noted an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) among moderate to heavy alcohol consumers in comparison with nondrinkers, the relation between alcohol consumption and CRC survival remains unc

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis in relation to perinatal and maternal characteristics: a case control study

Pediatric Rheumatology, Thursday, May 11, 2017

Existing data on associations between maternal and early childhood exposures and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) risk is scant and inconsistent with previous studies showing potential role for prematurity, number of sibli

Sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight with offspring birthweight in the Omega study

Annals of Epidemiology, Wednesday, May 10, 2017

This study investigated nonlinear and offspring sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight (BW) with offspring BW among participants of the Omega study, a pregnancy cohort.

Cooking at Home: A Strategy to Comply With U.S. Dietary Guidelines at No Extra Cost

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Monday, May 1, 2017

Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality. This study examined the frequency of home-cooked dinners versus eating out in relation to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and food expenditures.

Stage IV colorectal cancer primary site and patterns of distant metastasis

Cancer Epidemiology, Friday, April 21, 2017

Although colorectal cancer (CRC) usually metastasizes to the liver and/or lungs, factors influencing the anatomic pattern of metastases remain poorly understood. The findings from this study suggest that patients with rectal

Association between Native American-owned casinos and the prevalence of large-for-gestational-age births

International Journal of Epidemiology, Wednesday, April 19, 2017

A small number of studies have used a natural experiment approach to examine the health impacts of increased economic resources stemming from Native American-owned casinos.

Variation in Adult Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes in the United States

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Tuesday, April 18, 2017

This study seeked to ascertain the degree of variation, by state of acute care hospitalization, in outcomes associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in an adult population.

Infusion-Compatible Antibiotic Formulations for Rapid Administration to Improve Outcomes in Cancer Outpatients With Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock: The Sepsis STAT Pack

National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Saturday, April 15, 2017

Patients with cancer are at high risk for severe sepsis and septic shock (SS/SSh), and a delay in receiving effective antibiotics is strongly associated with mortality.