Genome-wide association meta-analysis of circulating odd-numbered chain saturated fatty acids: Results from the CHARGE Consortium
Odd-numbered chain saturated fatty acids (OCSFA) have been associated with potential health benefits. Although some OCSFA (e.g., C15:0 and C17:0) are found in meats and dairy products, sources and metabolism of C19:0 and C23:0 are relatively unknown, and the influence of non-dietary determinants, including genetic factors, on circulating levels of OCSFA is not established.
10-year trends in vancomycin-resistant enterococci among allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients
Researchers examined VRE colonization, bacteremia (VREB) incidence and outcomes within 100 days of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).
Sex-specific association of Apolipoprotein E With cerebrospinal fluid levels of tau
Does the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) and Alzheimer disease neuropathology differ by sex? In this multicohort study, women showed a stronger association between APOE and cerebrospinal fluid tau levels when compared with men, particularly among amyloid-positive individuals. There was no sex difference in the association between APOE and amyloidosis or between APOE and autopsy measures of neurofibrillary tangles.
Use of histamine H2 receptor antagonists and outcomes in patients with heart failure: a nationwide population-based cohort study
istamine H2 receptor activation promotes cardiac fibrosis and apoptosis in mice. However, the potential effectiveness of histamine H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) in humans with heart failure is largely unknown. We examined the association between H2RA initiation and all-cause mortality among patients with heart failure.
Impact of new technologies on stress, attrition and well-being in emergency call centers: the NextGeneration 9-1-1 study protocol
Our public health emergency response system relies on the “first of the first responders”—the emergency call center workforce that handles the emergency needs of a public in distress. Call centers across the United States have been preparing for the “Next Generation 9-1-1” initiative, which will allow citizens to place 9–1-1 calls using a variety of digital technologies. The impacts of this initiative on a workforce that is already highly stressed is unknown.
A mixed-effects model for powerful association tests in integrative functional genomics
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have successfully identified thousands of genetic variants for many complex diseases; however, these variants explain only a small fraction of the heritability. Recently, genetic association studies that leverage external transcriptome data have received much attention and shown promise for discovering novel variants. One such approach, PrediXcan, is to use predicted gene expression through genetic regulation. However, there are limitations in this approach.
Incidence and predictors of clinical peripheral artery disease in asymptomatic persons with a low ankle–brachial index
This study sought to determine the occurrence of clinical peripheral artery disease in a cohort of middle-aged and older persons who, though they initially had no symptoms of peripheral artery disease, had blood pressure levels in the arteries of their ankles and feet that were at least 10% lower than those in the arteries of their arms.
Telomere length differences between colorectal polyp subtypes: a colonoscopy-based case-control study
Short telomeres have been associated with increased risk of many cancers, particularly cancers of the gastrointestinal tract including esophagus and stomach. However, the association between telomere length and colorectal cancer and its precursors, colorectal polyps, is not clear.
Protocol: a multi-level intervention program to reduce stress in 9-1-1 telecommunicators
Nationwide, emergency response systems depend on 9-1-1 telecommunicators to prioritize, triage, and dispatch assistance to those in distress. 9-1-1 call center telecommunicators (TCs) are challenged by acute and chronic workplace stressors: tense interactions with citizen callers in crisis; overtime; shift-work; ever-changing technologies; and negative work culture, including co-worker conflict. This workforce is also subject to routine exposures to secondary traumatization while handling calls involving emergency situations and while making time urgent, high stake decisions over the phone. Our study aims to test the effectiveness of a multi-part intervention to reduce stress in 9-1-1 TCs through an online mindfulness training and a toolkit containing workplace stressor reduction resources.
Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative
Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day and in recent years has been implicated in weight control, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cognitive performance although, at present, the literature remains inconclusive as to the precise health benefits of breakfast.