Individual and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and the Association between Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease
Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is linked with cardiovascular disease, and disadvantaged status may increase susceptibility to air pollution-related health effects. In addition, there are concerns that this association may be partially explained by confounding by socioeconomic status (SES).
Use of acetaminophen in relation to the occurrence of cancer: a review of epidemiologic studies
Acetaminophen has several pharmacologic properties that suggest it could be carcinogenic in human beings. A number of epidemiologic studies have been conducted to examine whether use of acetaminophen actually predisposes to the occurrence of one or more forms of cancer. There are inherent limitations to many of these studies; the present manuscript reviews the results of epidemiologic studies of acetaminophen use in relation to cancer incidence published through the end of 2015.
Mixed neuropathologies and estimated rates of clinical progression in a large autopsy sample
Whether co-occurring neuropathologies interact or independently affect clinical disease progression is uncertain.
Obesity, diet quality, physical activity, and the built environment: the need for behavioral pathways
Any links between the built environment and health outcomes critically depend on establishing appropriate behavioral pathways. In this study, home-centric BE measures, were not related to physical activity or to diet. Further studies will need to consider a broader range of BE attributes that may be related to diets and health.
The Safety of Artemisinin Derivatives for the Treatment of Malaria in the 2nd or 3rd Trimester of Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Treatment with artemisinin in 2nd and 3rd trimester was not associated with increased risks of congenital malformations or miscarriage and may be was associated with a reduced risk of stillbirths compared to quinine. This study updates the reviews conducted by the WHO in 2002 and 2006 and supports the current WHO malaria treatment guidelines malaria in pregnancy.
Bariatric Surgery inWomen of Childbearing Age, Timing Between an Operation and Birth, and Associated Perinatal Complications
In this cohort study, mothers with prior bariatric surgery had infants with significantly higher risks for prematurity, small-for-gestational-age status, and intensive care unit admission.
Violence Perpetration Among Patients Hospitalized for Unintentional and Assault-Related Firearm Injury: A Case–Control Study and a Cohort Study
Nonfatal firearm injuries of any intent—not just those that are assault-related—can have lasting negative physical and psychological effects. This investigation provides empirical evidence to support the inclusion of some patients with accidental firearm injury in hospital-based violence intervention programs.
Incident atrial fibrillation and the risk of fracture in the cardiovascular health study
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with stroke, heart failure, dementia, and death, but its association with fracture is unknown. This study examines the association of incident AF with the risk of subsequent fracture in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) cohort.
The First Reported Outbreak of Chikungunya in the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014-2015
The chikungunya virus (CHIKV) epidemic in the Americas is of significant public health importance due to the lack of effective control and prevention strategies, severe disease morbidity among susceptible populations, and potential for persistent arthralgia and long-term impaired physical functionality. Using surveillance data of suspected CHIKV cases, we describe the first reported outbreak in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Piecing together the stunting puzzle: a framework for attributable factors of child stunting
Researchers suggest that infectious diseases may contribute to a larger portion of the stunting burden than previously thought. However, better statistical tools are necessary for understanding diseases with multiple causes like stunting.