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Early Systolic Dysfunction Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cohort Study

Critical Care Medicine, Thursday, June 1, 2017

Prior studies have suggested that traumatic brain injury may affect cardiac function. This study aims were to determine the frequency, longitudinal course, and admission risk factors for systolic dysfunction in patients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury.

Brief Report: Medication Sharing Is Rare Among African HIV-1 Serodiscordant Couples Enrolled in an Efficacy Trial of Oral Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV-1 Prevention

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Thursday, June 1, 2017

Sharing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medications is a concern for PrEP implementation.

Long-Term Oral Bisphosphonate Therapy and Fractures in Older Women: The Women's Health Initiative

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Monday, May 29, 2017

This study examined the association between long-term bisphosphonate use and fracture in older women at high risk of fracture.

Dapivirine vaginal ring use does not diminish the effectiveness of hormonal contraception

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Tuesday, May 23, 2017

This study evaluated the potential for a clinically relevant drug-drug interaction with concomitant use of a dapivirine vaginal ring, a novel antiretroviral-based HIV-1 prevention strategy, and hormonal contraception by examining contraceptive efficacies with and without dapivirine ring use.

Assessing the causal relationship between obesity and venous thromboembolism through a Mendelian Randomization study

Human Genetics, Saturday, May 20, 2017

Observational studies have shown an association between obesity and venous thromboembolism (VTE) but it is not known if observed associations are causal, due to reverse causation or confounding bias.

Design of the subpopulations and intermediate outcome measures in COPD (SPIROMICS) AIR study

BMJ Open Respiratory Research, Wednesday, May 17, 2017

The Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD (SPIROMICS) Air Pollution Study (SPIROMICS AIR) was initiated in 2013 to investigate the relation between individual-level estimates of short-term and long-term air pollution exposures, day-to-day symptom variability and disease progression in individuals with COPD.

Prediagnostic alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer survival: The Colon Cancer Family Registry

Cancer, Monday, May 15, 2017

Although previous studies have noted an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) among moderate to heavy alcohol consumers in comparison with nondrinkers, the relation between alcohol consumption and CRC survival remains unclear.

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis in relation to perinatal and maternal characteristics: a case control study

Pediatric Rheumatology, Thursday, May 11, 2017

Existing data on associations between maternal and early childhood exposures and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) risk is scant and inconsistent with previous studies showing potential role for prematurity, number of siblings and infections.

Sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight with offspring birthweight in the Omega study

Annals of Epidemiology, Wednesday, May 10, 2017

This study investigated nonlinear and offspring sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight (BW) with offspring BW among participants of the Omega study, a pregnancy cohort.

Cooking at Home: A Strategy to Comply With U.S. Dietary Guidelines at No Extra Cost

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Monday, May 1, 2017

Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality. This study examined the frequency of home-cooked dinners versus eating out in relation to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and food expenditures.