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From payday loans to pawnshops: Fringe banking, the unbanked, and health

Health Affairs, Monday, March 5, 2018

The fringe banking industry, including payday lenders and check cashers, was nearly nonexistent three decades ago. Today it generates tens of billions of dollars in annual revenue. The industry's growth accelerated in the 1980s with financial deregulation and the working class's declining resources. With Current Population Survey data, we used propensity score matching to investigate the relationship between fringe loan use, unbanked status, and self-rated health, hypothesizing that the material and stress effects of exposure to these financial services would be harmful to health. 

Proton pump inhibitor use and the risk of fractures among an older adult cohort

Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety, Wednesday, February 28, 2018

The purpose of the study is to determine if the use of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is associated with an increased fracture risk, as some prior studies have suggested.

Maternal veterinary occupation and adverse birth outcomes in Washington State, 1992-2014: a population-based retrospective cohort study

Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Saturday, February 24, 2018

Women in veterinary occupations are routinely exposed to potential reproductive hazards, yet research into their birth outcomes is limited. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of the association between maternal veterinary occupation and adverse birth outcomes.

Associations between social capital and depression: A study of adult twins.

Health & Place, Thursday, February 22, 2018

Social capital is associated with depression independently of individual-level risk factors. We used a sample of 1586 same-sex twin pairs to test the association between seven measures of social capital and two related measures of neighborhood characteristics with depressive symptoms accounting for uncontrolled selection factors (i.e., genetics and shared environment).

Hospital and clinical care costs associated with atrial fibrillation for Medicare beneficiaries in the Cardiovascular Health Study and the Framingham Heart Study.

SAGE Open Medicine, Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Atrial fibrillation is increasingly prevalent as the US population ages and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Care for patients with atrial fibrillation can be costly, US health care costs are comparatively high, and there are few cost estimates available that incorporate detailed measurement of comorbidities and their effects on costs.

Efficacy of a bivalent killed whole-cell cholera vaccine over five years: a re-analysis of a cluster-randomized trial

BMC Infectious Diseases, Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Oral cholera vaccine (OCV) is a feasible tool to prevent or mitigate cholera outbreaks. A better understanding of the vaccine's efficacy among different age groups and how rapidly its protection wanes could help guide vaccination policy.

Seroprevalence of dengue antibodies in three urban settings in Yucatan, Mexico.

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Monday, February 19, 2018

Dengue transmission in Mexico has become a major public health problem. Few epidemiological studies have examined the seroprevalence of dengue in Mexico, and recent estimates are needed to better understand dengue transmission dynamics. We conducted a dengue seroprevalence survey among 1,668 individuals including all age groups in three urban settings in Yucatan, Mexico. 

Safer conception among HIV-1 serodiscordant couples in East Africa: Understanding knowledge, attitudes, and experiences

AIDS Care, Saturday, February 17, 2018

For HIV-1 serodiscordant couples, HIV-1 exposure and risk of transmission is heightened during pregnancy attempts, but safer conception strategies can reduce risk. As safer conception programs are scaled up, understanding couples' preferences and experiences can be useful for programmatic recommendations. 

Ethnic variations of trajectories in suicide ideation and attempt: From middle school to high school

Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Wednesday, February 14, 2018

The purpose of this study was to compare patterns of suicide ideation and suicide attempt in three ethnic groups. 

Challenges in assessing combined interventions to promote linear growth

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Monday, February 12, 2018

Despite the recognition of stunting as a public health priority, nutritional and nonnutritional interventions to reduce or prevent linear growth failure have demonstrated minimal impact. Investigators and policymakers face several challenges that limit their ability to assess the potential benefits of combining available interventions into a linear growth promotion package.