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What are the risk factors associated with hospital birth among women planning to give birth in a birth center in Washington State?

Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, Monday, December 18, 2017

This study describes the obstetrical risk factors for hospital birth among women intending to deliver in a birth center in Washington State.

Women's beliefs about what causes obesity: variation by race/ethnicity and acculturation in a Washington State sample

Ethnicity & Health, Friday, December 15, 2017

Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion.

Modeling HIV disease progression and transmission at population-level: The potential impact of modifying disease progression in HIV treatment programs

Epidemics, Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Mathematical models that incorporate HIV disease progression dynamics can estimate the potential impact of strategies that delay HIV disease progression and reduce infectiousness for persons not on antiretroviral therapy.

Body mass index and breast cancer survival: a Mendelian randomization analysis

International Journal of Epidemiology, Friday, December 1, 2017

There is increasing evidence that elevated body mass index (BMI) is associated with reduced survival for women with breast cancer. However, the underlying reasons remain unclear.

Mortality associated with metformin versus sulfonylurea initiation: A cohort study of veterans with diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

Journal of General Internal Medicine, Monday, November 27, 2017

For patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD), high-quality evidence about the relative benefits and harms of oral glucose-lowering drugs is limited.

Maternal gestational weight gain and DNA methylation in young women: application of life course mediation methods

Epigenomics, Monday, November 6, 2017

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) and prepregnancy BMI on programming offspring DNA methylation.

Treated hypothyroidism is associated with cerebrovascular disease but not Alzheimer's disease pathology in older adults

Neurobiology of Aging, Saturday, November 4, 2017

Thyroid hormone disease is common among older adults and is associated with cognitive impairment. However, pathologic correlates are not well understood.

Rationale and design of the HOME trial: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial of home-based human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling for increasing cervical cancer screening uptake and effectiveness in a U.S. healthcare system

Contemporary Clinical Trials, Saturday, November 4, 2017

Women who delay or do not attend Papanicolaou (Pap) screening are at increased risk for cervical cancer.

Firearm Injury After Gun Shows: Evidence to Gauge the Potential Impact of Regulatory Interventions

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tuesday, October 24, 2017

The recent mass shooting in Las Vegas, Nevada, was a painful reminder that injuries and deaths resulting from access to guns continue to bedevil many parts of U.S.

Association analysis identifies 65 new breast cancer risk loci

Nature, Monday, October 23, 2017

Breast cancer risk is influenced by rare coding variants in susceptibility genes, such as BRCA1, and many common, mostly non-coding variants. However, much of the genetic contribution to breast cancer risk remains unknown.