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Estimating population effects of vaccination using large, routinely collected data

Statistics in Medicine, Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Vaccination in populations can have several kinds of effects.

Efficacy of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV among women with abnormal vaginal microbiota: a post-hoc analysis of the randomised, placebo-controlled Partners PrEP Study

The Lancet, Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Daily oral tenofovir-based pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is high efficacious for HIV prevention among women with high adherence. However, the effect of abnormal vaginal microbiota on PrEP efficacy is of concern.

Formal firearm training among adults in the USA: results of a national survey

Injury Prevention, Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Despite broad support for policies requiring that prospective firearm owners receive training before acquiring a firearm, little is known about the scope and content of firearm training in the USA. 

Access to a Loaded Gun Without Adult Permission and School-Based Bullying

Journal of Adolescent Health, Friday, June 23, 2017

Gun access and bullying are risk factors for sustaining or perpetrating violence among adolescents. Our knowledge of gun access among bullied students is limited.

Healthy Lifestyle During Early Pregnancy and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

American Journal of Epidemiology, Thursday, June 22, 2017

Previous studies have found associations between individual healthy behaviors and reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the association of composite healthy lifestyle during pregnancy with GDM has not

Quantifying the genetic correlation between multiple cancer types

Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Many cancers share specific genetic risk factors including both rare high-penetrance mutations and common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS).

Depression and ART Initiation Among HIV Serodiscordant Couples in Kenya and Uganda

AIDS and Behavior, Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Depression is a known barrier for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, but less is understood about its effects on ART initiation.

Racial Differences in the Association Between Maternal Antenatal Depression and Preterm Birth Risk: A Prospective Cohort Study

Journal of Women's Health, Friday, June 16, 2017

In the United States, racial/ethnic disparities in preterm birth (PTB) are well documented, but explanations for why the disparity persists remain to be fully explored.

Timing of Aspirin and Other Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug Use Among Patients With Colorectal Cancer in Relation to Tumor Markers and Survival

Journal of Clinical Oncology, Thursday, June 15, 2017

Regular use of aspirin is associated with improved survival for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).

Uses of nutrient profiling to address public health needs: from regulation to reformulation

The Nutrition Society, Friday, June 9, 2017

Nutrient profiling (NP) models rate the nutritional quality of individual foods, based on their nutrient composition.